Swing Ball Flight Law Fundamentals


Description of Swing Paths

Clubface Angles

There are three angles the clubface can be positioned at impact, closed, square and open.

Closed Clubface Square Clubface Open Clubface

1)Closed Clubface        2)Square Clubface      3)Open Clubface

Swing Paths

The clubhead can move through the ball on three different paths when coming into impact with the ball. First, it can travel along the target line (ideal swing path). Note: the ideal swing path technically comes from slightly inside to inside, as seen in the drawing. The pictures below will be able to help you visualize it better.

Ideal Clubpath

Ideal Club Path
Plane Plane Plane
________________________________________________________________ Second, it can travel from inside to outside across the target line (in to out swing path). This swing is more common for hockey and baseball players, it tends to be accompanied with alot of lower body movement.


In to out


In to Out Swingpath


________________________________________________________________ Finally, it can travel from outside to inside across the target line (out to in swing path). This swing path is more commonly known for beginners and women, its nick name is “coming over the top”.

Out to In
Out to In Swingpath


The Nine Ball Flight Laws

The direction your golf ball travels tells me alot about how you swing the golf club, so even without seeing your swing, but knowing your ball flight, I can teach you how to fix your game.


9 nine ball flight laws
9 ball flight laws





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  1. There are nine possible ball flights if you don’t count a shank and five ball flight laws.
    Please refer back to your PGA Teaching manual which you may have lost

    • Hi Michael, while I appreciate the link, it doesn’t do much to explain the physics behind the new ball flight laws. I’ll see if we can get our hands on a trackman and put some numbers behind this theory. I think another aspect totally missed by my and your article is swing speed.. slower swings speeds make your link true for sure. Your article also removes target line from the equation, which I don’t think is accurate. Hopefully we can get some fun numbers around this.. assuming the weather doesnt catch up with us first.

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